1. Welcome to 28DaysLater.co.uk - 28DL - The UK Urban Exploring / Urban Exploration / Urbex Forums.

    Asylums and Hospitals, High Stuff, Industrial, Leisure Sites, Residential Sites, Military Sites, Mines and Quarries, ROC Posts, Theatres and Cinemas, Draining, Underground Sites, European and International Sites, Leads, Rumours and News, Kit, Clothing, Equipment, Photography and Video sections plus a lot more.

    Please feel free to browse this website as a guest. Creating an account removes some ads, allows you to post replies, start new topics and threads, and gives you access to more features including bookmarking, live chat, messaging and notification systems.

    Create an account | Login | Request new password

Report - Anlage Mitte Railway Shelter - Jelen - Poland - January 2014

Discussion in 'European and International Sites' started by bhg, Jan 23, 2014.

  1. bhg

    bhg In Search of Lost Time
    Regular User

    Joined:
    Oct 23, 2012
    Messages:
    524
    Likes Received:
    479
    Again during my last visit in Poland, I visited few air raid shelters. One was particularly interesting- Anlage Mitte Railway Shelter in Jelen. I know that it must be boring for some of you ( another air raid shelter from Poland :)) but I actually found this one fascinating. First it was huge, it measures 355 metres and has the shape of a gently curving arch. And it's hidden deeply in the woods. My very good friends - Gosia and Marcin have kindly agreed to take me and my little cousin -Zu (Steampunkgirl) there one gloomy and cold morning. We decided not to take any of their 10 dogs this time, mostly because of no space in their old car. The trip was quite amusing, old Ford broke down few times on the way there (around 30 miles from our home city Lodz), but lucky for us we finally made it. It took us some time to actually find the shelter itself although is pretty big. Nature made it nearly invisible, it looks like a hill covered in moss, hidden behind the trees...
    Anlage Mitte Railway Shelter in Jelen is one of four railway shelters built in Poland during the Second World War.

    Here is some interesting info (Wiki and http://www.schrony.hosting7865590.az.pl/?page_id=701)

    Anlage Sud (English: Installation South)
    was a pair of railway headquarters built for Adolf Hitler in southern Nazi-occupied part of Poland during the Second World War. Two reinforced tunnels were built near the rail line between Rzeszów to Jasło.Both 480-metre long railway tunnels at Stępina and StrzyżÃ³w were built by the Todt Organization using Polish slave labor from nearby concentration camps. The shelter were constructed to be 8.3 metres (27 ft) wide and 12 metres (39 ft) high with reinforced concrete walls 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) thick.The tunnels were surrounded by barracks, personnel bunkers, and watchtowers. Other buildings were used for operations, administration, and maintenance. Inside each bomb-proof tunnel, there was a rail track and a platform. The tunnel portals were protected by two-wing armoured doors with firing embrasures for the guards.
    After the headquarters was completed in summer 1941, Hitler first visited on 27 August for a meeting with Mussolini. Both leaders arrived by train. Hitler’s train (German: Führersonderzug)

    [​IMG]

    stayed in the bunker at StrzyżÃ³w while Mussolini's engine and carriages were at Stępina. The actual meeting to discuss the war with Soviet Russia, which lasted several hours, was held aboard Hitler’s train, which he never left. The next day, his train was the first to depart. By the summer of 1944 the facilities were abandoned because of the Soviet advance.


    Some pics:

    Anlage Sud Railway Shelter Stepina (now museum)

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]

    Anlage Sud Railway Shelter Strzyzow

    [​IMG]


    Anlage Mitte

    The decision to build the headquarters â€Anlage Mitte†was made as late as September or even October 1940. It was planned that by June 1941, in Konewka and Jeleń two complexes of reinforced concrete shelters would have been set up. The major objects of these complexes were meant to be huge railroad shelters which could shelter whole sets of staff trains, several of which the Germans had been using since the beginning of the war as mobile centres of command for military staffs, and also for the highest dignitaries of the 3rd Reich with Hitler as its head.
    Within a year, two similar complexes of objects had been built at Konewka and Jeleń; they were somewhat different from each other in shape and length of railway shelters; the shelter at Konewka is 380 metres long and it is straight, while the shelter in Jeleń is somewhat shorter: it measures 355 metres and has the shape of a gently curving arch. The cross section of both shelters is in the shape of a pointed arch, inside, on their entire length there stretches a semicircular aisle with rail tracks, from which there go ways down to a smaller, parallel corridor divided by steel, hermetic doors into compartments for railway service staff. The shelters are 9.5 metres high and their breadth at the base is 15 m; their characteristic shape â€Dome Bunker†(Cathedral Bunker) was supposed to cause ricocheting of air bombs falling down on such a construction.
    Near the large shelters, smaller ones were built for the technical stock containing generator, boiler rooms, ventilators pushing warmed-up and filtered air through underground channels into the railway shelter. Other shelters had water supply systems and water tanks in them. The quarters were also furnished with water-supply installations, sewage and dehydrating systems with sediment equipment and sewage settlers as well as fuel tanks for generators. At Jeleń, outside the borders of the quarters’ area (in nearby Białobrzegi) there were bunkers of deep-water wells and transformers, while at Konewka there was the shelter of the well situated on the grounds of its quarters.
    Despite the fact that the construction works were on a large scale and the cost of building gigantic shelters of the quarters â€Anlage Mitte†– immense, the Germans did not use this centre of command either during preparations for, or during the war with the Soviet Union begun by Hitler on June 22, 1941. In January 1945, the Germans left both shelters without a fight.


    Anlage Mitte Railway Shelter Konewka - museum now:

    [​IMG]

    And finally pics from my visit to

    Anlage Mitte Railway Shelter Jelen :

    Shelter's plan:

    [​IMG]

    1. main tunnel 2. side tunnel 3. ventilation tunnel 4. maintenance tunnel 5. gas-tight doors 6. emergency exit 7. camouflage netting fasteners 8. camouflage netting 9. foundations with brick retaining wall

    Pics:

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]

    How amazing and massive this is:

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]

    Boiler Room:​

    [​IMG]

    I must admit that after seeing 15 of around 40 in total air raid shelters located in my city and nearby area this one certainly made a huge impression on me. Its so unusual, looks untouched, still dry inside. It feels like time has stopped there. We stood for ages, admiring this massive, concrete structure, left forgotten somewhere deep in the woods...

    Enjoy, hope its not too boring!
     
    #1 bhg, Jan 23, 2014
    Last edited: Jan 23, 2014

    Remove this ad by donating or subscribing.

Draft saved Draft deleted
Loading...

Users Who Have Read This Thread (Total: 1)

Share This Page

Remove this ad by creating an account and logging in