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Buzludha Monument - Communist Party Headquarters - Bulgaria - August 2015

Discussion in 'European and International Sites' started by bhg, Sep 1, 2015.

  1. bhg

    bhg In Search of Lost Time
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    Buzludha Monument is one of the best known Bulgarian urban exploration location. I must admit that it took me three trips to finally get inside and it probably made me the most unlucky explorer who has ever visited this place. I failed completely during my first two attempts including one with @Darmon_Richter.
    Somehow I managed to find the place locked every time I went there.

    11870678_10153214634929125_8056474032442866046_n_zpsu1us6ny6.jpg

    After spending a relaxing week on the Black Sea coast, we packed our bags and left sunny beaches and traveled for over 5 hours hoping to spend a night inside the monument. We arrived in time to catch a beautiful sunset and watch stunning views of the Central Balkan Mountains.
    And then after spending a rather chilly night inside, after climbing 70 foot mast, we enjoyed a sunrise.

    1N0A0455_zpsxwclzljs.jpg

    Here is some interesting history:
    The Buzludzha Monumenton the peak was built by the Bulgarian communist regime to commemorate the events in 1891 when the socialists led by Dimitar Blagoev assembled secretly in the area to form an organised socialist movement with the founding of the Bulgarian Social Democratic Party, a fore-runner of the Bulgarian Communist Party. The Monument was opened in 1981. No longer maintained by the Bulgarian government, it has fallen into disuse. The construction of Buzludzha was made possible thanks to government funds and supporters’ donations for an amount of around 14 186 000 leva (around 7 000 000 €). The site was built by civil engineering troops from the Bulgarian army and volunteers. The author of this project was the architect Guéorguy Stoilov.

    House-Monument-Bulgarian-Communist-Party-Buzludzha-Bulgaria-11_zpsoyzgox0n.jpg

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    Some architectural facts:
    Home Memorial consists of a domed hall and 70 -foot double mast . On top of flagpole installed two mullets size 6.50 / 12 meters . Ceremonial Hall has a diameter of 42 meters and a height of 14.5 meters and is decorated with mosaics with a total area of 550 m² . Mosaics evoke the struggle of the Communist Party and the building of socialist society. In the corridor around the hall has 14 compositions that reflect labor peace.
    The building has a visual resemblance to the Olympic Stadium in Montreal

    Le_Stade_Olympique_3_zpsuzbknx1e.jpg

    as well as building designed around 1955 by Frank Lloyd Wright's Greek Orthodox church in Wisconsin, USA.

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    Monument under construction ( I hope I won't bore you all with this..):

    6,000 people took part in the construction of the monument. Inputs are 12,000 cubic meters of concrete and more than 300 km rebar.

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    post-2642-089084900%201344884048_zpsa4m2plg3.png

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    Only these figures make it one of the most impressive monuments ever built . Two scarlet red stars are made in Kiev. Each is 12 meters and weighs 3.5 tons. Installed over 3 months.

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    Built by the people and ruined the people. Buzludha Monument - the jewel of the PA worth 14 million . Folk money collected through the sale of stamps worth several lev.

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    "The struggle and victory of the Party " - interior wall along the contour of the circular central Ceremonial (ritual) hall (places for 800 people), a diameter of about 42 meters, mosaic, smalt (cobalt glass) and gold, measuring about 131/5 m.

    Buzludja_14_zps2nkzygxq.jpg

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    " Workers of the world, unite! " - Interior, circular mural in the center of the ceiling of solemn (ritual) hall, diameter 9 meters.

    post-2642-014801100%201317797743_zpsrmte3oib.jpg

    On both sides of the solemn entrance of the House - monument with embossed letters are inscribed verses from the " Internationale" and " Workers march".

    post-2642-057798500%201317797703_zpsjxui1ayz.jpg

    Gallery mosaics

    the-beg-1-490x453_zps6jcur4zp.jpg

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    After the fall of Todor Zhivkov and political changes in Bulgaria in November 1989 state of the monument deteriorated dramatically. In 1992 the monument was nationalised under the nationalisation of the property of BCP and sealed. The building began to crumble, to break windows, torn to mosaics, ornaments and other elements of the design of the monument. Destroyed are mosaic portraits of Todor Zhivkov and his daughter Lyudmila Zhivkova. The big star has been perforated by gunshots because it was thought to be made out of rubies. By decision of the Government of September 30, 2011 the complex was transferred gratuitously to the Bulgarian Socialist Party

    Some pics from our visit:

    External:

    2013 visit:

    8233121714_f9762e6d42_o_zpsypaivxo1.jpg
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    2015 with a new graffiti "Never forget your past"

    11870678_10153214634929125_8056474032442866046_n_zpsu1us6ny6.jpg
    11825014_10153214635014125_301021427901710820_n_zpsjwln8qys.jpg
    11825225_10153214635339125_7006295111902949566_n_zpsps7akpt0.jpg
     
    #1 bhg, Sep 1, 2015
    Last edited: Sep 1, 2015
    Punk, fb and Mr Sam like this.

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  2. bhg

    bhg In Search of Lost Time
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    Internal pics:

    IMG_7693_zpsdqfvh9g6.jpg
    IMG_7674_zps8ns9d4nv.jpg
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    IMG_7672_zpshflg84gh.jpg
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    IMG_7681_zps0kh2jzj4.jpg
    IMG_7684_zpsxtved1zs.jpg
    IMG_7685_zpsifknu9lu.jpg

    Gallery:

    IMG_7691_zpsustfydaw.jpg
    IMG_7689_zpsxkec0g5i.jpg

    Top of the mast:

    1N0A0568_zpsbepgau6v.jpg
    11822704_10153214693694125_7732635856410887487_n_zpslumbckot.jpg

    Central Balkan Mountains

    1N0A0572_zps3pndafyn.jpg

    For sure it was one of the most impressive buildings I've ever seen, a truly magical place.
    We packed up and left early in the morning, heading towards Sofia. On the way to the nearest town, a friendly Bulgarian driver was telling me stories about some secret tunnels that run under the monument - a perfect excuse for another trip :)

    Architecturally, Buzludha Monument is not very unusual for Soviet Era buildings, here is a few more examples of cosmic communist constructions:

    Druzhba Holiday Centre Yalta, Ukraine, 1981

    Druzhba%20Holiday%20Center%20-%20Yalta%20Ukraine%203_zpsnqm6umrt.jpg

    The Ukrainian Institute of Scientific, Kiev, 1971

    tumblr_mx7drv6GY11sixkwvo1_1280_zpsuzx9dt1t.jpg

    Cirque de Kazan – Kazan, Tatarstan, 1967

    a2a21b93304c_zps389muy4w.jpg

    Archaeological Museum Tbilisi Georgia 1988

    16992250878_3a6d6eef84_b_zpsangxxruo.jpg

    Chisinau Circus Moldova, 1981 - @Darmon_Richter report here : http://www.28dayslater.co.uk/abandoned-circus-moldova-august-2013.t93498

    08_big_zpsig091r8z.jpg

    Enjoy!
     
    Morrisey, Punk, ledgehammer and 8 others like this.
  3. Ojay

    Ojay Admin
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    I like the construction pics, not seen those before

    That sunrise is a stunner :thumb
     
  4. clebby

    clebby ( . Y . )
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    Fantastic report, thanks
     
  5. Mr Sam

    Mr Sam 28DL Regular User
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    Great to see some old pics of it :thumb
     
  6. Idle Hands

    Idle Hands 28DL Regular User
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    Really enjoyed that, cheers :thumb
     
  7. Lenston

    Lenston Bajo Tierra
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    Some of those old pics are very interesting :thumb
     
  8. fb

    fb big in japan
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  9. Fudge

    Fudge 28DL Regular User
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    Fantastic space.
     
  10. ledgehammer

    ledgehammer 28DL Regular User
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    good report, and additional info :-)
     
  11. soylent green

    soylent green 28DL Regular User
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    This is an amazing site and one i hope to see sometime soon. Your report is also amazing, love all the history and some great pics. Nice one BHG:thumb
     
  12. Alley

    Alley Conspicuous Loiterer
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    Awesome, great report :)
     
  13. Will Knot

    Will Knot 28DL Regular User
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    Fantastic BHG, lovely report, history and pics....epic....thanks for sharing :thumb
     
  14. kevin arnold

    kevin arnold 28DL Member
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    it was a great trip! shame that it is so vandalised now, it looks great in those old pictures that you've posted. i would love to have seen it soon after it closed, when all the mosaics were in better shape. the views around are stunning too.
     
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