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Report - Holme Bank Chert Mine, Bakewell - August 2015

Discussion in 'Mines and Quarries' started by Raz, Aug 9, 2015.

  1. Raz

    Raz 28DL Regular User
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    After visiting a few places in Birmingham we decided to head up to the peak district and have a look at this old mine, we didn't walk too far into the place having no extra batteries and being rather unprepared we only had a hour or so until a couple of our torches started running low so we decided to head out and return another time :)

    Some seriously sketchy cracks in the roof in here, not for the faint hearted :D


    History:

    Holme Bank was the last of two operational chert mines in Derbyshire the other being the Pretoria Mine, both at Bakewell. Access was from adits in a quarry at Bank Top and the steep workings extended beneath the road to connect with the earlier Greenfield shaft. The chert bed lies on a 1 in 3.7 gradient and the mine was subject to flooding in severe winters. Illumination was by mains electricity in addition to carbide lamps carried by the miners.

    Chert is a form of fine-grained, flinty silica most commonly found in veins in the uppermost beds of a limestone sequence. Chert was worked into tools in prehistoric times, easily shaped by chipping off flakes to produce sharp edges.

    The most useful role for chert was recognised about two centuries ago for the grinding of calcined flint, used as a whitening agent in earthenware manufacture. In 1772 the potter Josiah Wedgwood recommended Derbyshire chert as a major improvement over granite millstones, which left annoying black specks in the pure white flint.

    The chert bed was on average 9 ft (2.7 m) thick, though up to 18 ft (5.5 m) in places. It was extracted by removing the underlying limestone so that the chert fell under its own weight. A hoist powered by compressed air loaded it onto flat wagons, drawn to the surface by compressed air winches along a 1 ft 6 in (46 cm) gauge railway. The ‘waste’ limestone was built up into substantial roof supports.

    Early 19th-century extraction at Holme Bank was from quarries but commercial mining was in place by 1867, when the site was known as Bakewell Chert Mine.

    Later it was also referred to as Smith's Mine, after the owner. The workings consisted of an extensive system of passages with eight entrances.

    In 1925, 41 men were employed but 20 years later only 21 were at work. Approximately half worked underground. Between the two World Wars, mining broke out on the surface, enabling the chert to be quarried alongside limestone. In its later years Holme Bank met a considerable demand for poultry grit. The mine closed between 1959 and 1961 but a block-making plant, trading as Smith’s Runners, remained in operation, using existing supplies of chert.

    In recent years the few underground visitors to Holme Bank Mine have included cave divers, using the clear subterranean waters for training purposes.

    Almost 10 years ago the Peak Park Planning Board granted permission for the mine to be opened up to visitors but this plan has so far not been implemented.


    Some dodgy light painting and not many pictures, apologies for that!



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    20429289022_17ffb5a09c_c.jpg


    real life ghost :eek:

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    20411690316_2912b6018b_c.jpg



    Cheers for looking ​
     
    #1 Raz, Aug 9, 2015
    Last edited: Aug 9, 2015

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  2. The Franconian

    The Franconian 28DL Regular User
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    that looks fine
     
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  3. Lenston

    Lenston Bajo Tierra
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    Some good pics there mate :thumb
     
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  4. Raz

    Raz 28DL Regular User
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  5. Oort

    Oort The Spice Must Flow.
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    Nicely done that man.
     
  6. Mutagen

    Mutagen 28DL Regular User
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    Veeeery nice indeed. Can't beat a nice underground reflection!
     
  7. Mr Beady

    Mr Beady Over 8
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    ooo that is nice. May have to pay it a visit
     
  8. Will Knot

    Will Knot 28DL Regular User
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    Very nice shots there....must take some lighting up :cool:
    Great report....thanks for sharin' :thumb
    Might have to put it on the list......;)
     
  9. Wevsky

    Wevsky A Predisposed Tourist
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    ah mate i didnt see the flooded bits,but agree the place was looking far from stable in some areas..nice selection of shots :thumb
     
  10. trailboss99

    trailboss99 28DL Full Member
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    What's the newish looking blue pipe mate? Have the dive folk piped in air?
     
  11. The Kwan

    The Kwan Easily Led
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    gorgeous photos, I think I should get my arse here, I know its old but cheers for posting it up.
     
  12. ACID- REFLUX

    ACID- REFLUX 28DL Regular User
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    How did i miss this report :confused:

    Nice ones mate (short "N" sweet) :thumb

    Your shots make it look pretty stable down there, although we know different :eek:
     
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