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Buzludha Monument - Communist Party Headquarters - Bulgaria - August 2015

bhg

In Search of Lost Time
Regular User
#1
Buzludha Monument is one of the best known Bulgarian urban exploration location. I must admit that it took me three trips to finally get inside and it probably made me the most unlucky explorer who has ever visited this place. I failed completely during my first two attempts including one with @Darmon_Richter.
Somehow I managed to find the place locked every time I went there.

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After spending a relaxing week on the Black Sea coast, we packed our bags and left sunny beaches and traveled for over 5 hours hoping to spend a night inside the monument. We arrived in time to catch a beautiful sunset and watch stunning views of the Central Balkan Mountains.
And then after spending a rather chilly night inside, after climbing 70 foot mast, we enjoyed a sunrise.

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Here is some interesting history:
The Buzludzha Monumenton the peak was built by the Bulgarian communist regime to commemorate the events in 1891 when the socialists led by Dimitar Blagoev assembled secretly in the area to form an organised socialist movement with the founding of the Bulgarian Social Democratic Party, a fore-runner of the Bulgarian Communist Party. The Monument was opened in 1981. No longer maintained by the Bulgarian government, it has fallen into disuse. The construction of Buzludzha was made possible thanks to government funds and supporters’ donations for an amount of around 14 186 000 leva (around 7 000 000 €). The site was built by civil engineering troops from the Bulgarian army and volunteers. The author of this project was the architect Guéorguy Stoilov.

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Some architectural facts:
Home Memorial consists of a domed hall and 70 -foot double mast . On top of flagpole installed two mullets size 6.50 / 12 meters . Ceremonial Hall has a diameter of 42 meters and a height of 14.5 meters and is decorated with mosaics with a total area of 550 m² . Mosaics evoke the struggle of the Communist Party and the building of socialist society. In the corridor around the hall has 14 compositions that reflect labor peace.
The building has a visual resemblance to the Olympic Stadium in Montreal

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as well as building designed around 1955 by Frank Lloyd Wright's Greek Orthodox church in Wisconsin, USA.

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Monument under construction ( I hope I won't bore you all with this..):

6,000 people took part in the construction of the monument. Inputs are 12,000 cubic meters of concrete and more than 300 km rebar.

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Only these figures make it one of the most impressive monuments ever built . Two scarlet red stars are made in Kiev. Each is 12 meters and weighs 3.5 tons. Installed over 3 months.

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Built by the people and ruined the people. Buzludha Monument - the jewel of the PA worth 14 million . Folk money collected through the sale of stamps worth several lev.

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"The struggle and victory of the Party " - interior wall along the contour of the circular central Ceremonial (ritual) hall (places for 800 people), a diameter of about 42 meters, mosaic, smalt (cobalt glass) and gold, measuring about 131/5 m.

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" Workers of the world, unite! " - Interior, circular mural in the center of the ceiling of solemn (ritual) hall, diameter 9 meters.

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On both sides of the solemn entrance of the House - monument with embossed letters are inscribed verses from the " Internationale" and " Workers march".

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Gallery mosaics

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After the fall of Todor Zhivkov and political changes in Bulgaria in November 1989 state of the monument deteriorated dramatically. In 1992 the monument was nationalised under the nationalisation of the property of BCP and sealed. The building began to crumble, to break windows, torn to mosaics, ornaments and other elements of the design of the monument. Destroyed are mosaic portraits of Todor Zhivkov and his daughter Lyudmila Zhivkova. The big star has been perforated by gunshots because it was thought to be made out of rubies. By decision of the Government of September 30, 2011 the complex was transferred gratuitously to the Bulgarian Socialist Party

Some pics from our visit:

External:

2013 visit:

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2015 with a new graffiti "Never forget your past"

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Last edited:

bhg

In Search of Lost Time
Regular User
#2
Internal pics:

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Gallery:

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Top of the mast:

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Central Balkan Mountains

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For sure it was one of the most impressive buildings I've ever seen, a truly magical place.
We packed up and left early in the morning, heading towards Sofia. On the way to the nearest town, a friendly Bulgarian driver was telling me stories about some secret tunnels that run under the monument - a perfect excuse for another trip :)

Architecturally, Buzludha Monument is not very unusual for Soviet Era buildings, here is a few more examples of cosmic communist constructions:

Druzhba Holiday Centre Yalta, Ukraine, 1981

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The Ukrainian Institute of Scientific, Kiev, 1971

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Cirque de Kazan – Kazan, Tatarstan, 1967

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Archaeological Museum Tbilisi Georgia 1988

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Chisinau Circus Moldova, 1981 - @Darmon_Richter report here : http://www.28dayslater.co.uk/abandoned-circus-moldova-august-2013.t93498

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Enjoy!
 

soylent green

28DL Regular User
Regular User
#11
This is an amazing site and one i hope to see sometime soon. Your report is also amazing, love all the history and some great pics. Nice one BHG:thumb
 

kevin arnold

28DL Member
Regular User
#14
it was a great trip! shame that it is so vandalised now, it looks great in those old pictures that you've posted. i would love to have seen it soon after it closed, when all the mosaics were in better shape. the views around are stunning too.